With Russian forces massed on the border raising concerns of a major offensive this winter, Ukrainian officials are now taking concrete, public steps to prepare the country for a wider war — specifically, a Russian air campaign.
Consequently, officials have bolstered air defenses across the country and readied bomb shelters in the capital city of Kyiv.
Even so, life goes on for civilians — much as it has for the past seven and a half years of war.
Yet there is an unseen danger over the horizon.
Just a few hundred miles from Kyiv, more than 100,000 Russian soldiers lie in wait — the question is, what for?